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The State Game Reserve of Lachin

The state game reserve of Lachin was established in the Lachin district in November of 1961. The game reserve aimed to protect the animals and birds populating this region.
The game reserve is inhabited by roe deer, mountain goat, wild boar, bear, and such birds as Turaj, partridge and others. The game reserve covers an area of 21.4 hectares that makes up 0.25% of the territory of the Republic and 8.8% of all reserves of the country. Woodlands account for 34.5% or 7369 hectares, Alpine meadows-for 6.8% or 1448, Sub-alpine meadows-for 34.8% or 7400 hectares, pastures-for 20% or 4257 hectares, rocks-for 4% or 862 hectares and specially designed lands -for 34 hectares.
It has the landscape typical of that of the middle and high mountain areas.
The highest alp Gyrkhgyz (2825 meters) is sharply indented by the deep valleys of the Salva, Pidjanis, Qorchu and other rivers. The cold climate of dry winters is typical of the game reserve. According to the types of the plants the region is divided into the zone of Iberian oak mountain forests (1000-1700 meters), high mountain forests of oriental oak (1700-2200 meters), sub-alpine (2200-2500 meters) and alpine (2500-2800 meters) meadows. The forests mainly consist of hornbeam, lime-tree, birch and other trees, the forests of the hornbeam dominance are quite rear (8.1%), the mountain forests of oak, hornbeam and birch also occupy small area due to the pasturing that is widely spread there.
It is also characterized with the predominance of the relatively humid mezofil meadows of the dry slopes of Subalpine zone and different meadows of the Alpine zone and weakly developed Alpite herb carpet.
The primitive, scarce, mountain-meadow, typical, carbon, brown, rot-carbon mountain-meadow, typical and brown mountain-meadow soils are spread in the reserve.
The mountain and meadow zones as well as the mountain zones are subject to a greater influence by the industrial activity of people compared with forests.
At the same time, favorable conditions exist for the settlement of a number of animal and bird species in the region. They settle here in quite sufficient number.
According to the checking of 1989, the number of mountain goats settled in the region totaled 96, boar-360, roe deer-320, bear-110, wolf, badger and other animals also settled there and the number of settled peasants equaled 200, partridge-1500.
The enumeration of March 1991 showed that the number of animals and birds was reduced by Armenians (as is known, one part of the reserve is located on the territory of Nagorno Karabakh and Armenians use the conflict for hunting animals and birds. Thus the number of animals and birds is stated in the table below.

Names of animals and birds

1989

1991

Reduction

1

Boar

360

270

90

2

Roe deer

320

265

55

3

Bear

110

55

55

4

Mountain goat

96

76

20

5

Pheasant

200

200

6

Partridge

1500

1100

400

The most valuable red oak is found in the Hadjysamly forest of the reserve. French people constructed a road by destroying of the Gyrkhgyz mountain in Khankendi for utilization of the said oak in the times of Tsarist government. Yet they were not able to transport materials due to the establishment of the Soviet Union. The materials received from the tree were used for the production of valuable furniture and in storage of cognac. The tree is found only in the said reserve in the territory of Azerbaijan.
The said trees and other forests are terminated by Armenians barbarously.

Department of Economic and Social Geography of BSU

http://karabakh.org/index.php/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=64&Itemid=72

Ünvan: Mirqasımov küç. 4/41 Bakı AZ1007, Azərbaycan

Tel / Fax : (+99412) 4410924

Tel: (+99412) 4378247

E-mail: office@azpenalreform.az

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